Each quarter, the Department of Labor publishes statistical data about the applications and certifications it adjudicates as a preliminary step in employment-based immigration petitions. Applicants for H-1B’s, H-2A’s, H-2B’s, and employment-based green cards that require a test of the U.S. labor market, must all obtain various certifications from the Department of Labor before they can submit their petition to the USCIS. The most recent data for employment-based green cards is shown below:
This is the data for the Permanent Labor Certification Program, otherwise known as PERM. Filing the PERM application with the Department of Labor is the first step in the employment-sponsored green card process, for those categories of applicants that require the employer to test the U.S. labor market as a prerequisite to sponsoring a foreign national for a green card. To test the labor market for professional positions, an employer is required to post Notice in-house, place two Sunday ads in the local major newspaper, place a 30-day ad with the state workforce agency, and take three additional recruitment steps. These three additional steps could include: running an ad on their own website, placing an ad with an internet job search, using an employee referral program with incentives, attending job fairs, using on-campus recruiting, using private employment firms, running an ad in a local or ethnic newspaper, or running ads on radio or TV. The purpose of the recruitment is to see if there are qualified U.S. workers available for the particular job being offered.